The person always sought to make for himself clear that world in which he lives. It is necessary to feel safely and comfortably in own habitat, to be able to expect approach of different events with the purpose to use favorable of them and to avoid adverse (or to minimize negative consequences).
At the characteristic of agnosticism it must be kept in mind the following. First, it is impossible to represent it as the denying the fact of existence of knowledge which (fact) the agnosticism and does not disprove. It is talked not about knowledge, and about clarification of its opportunities and that it represents in the relation to a real. Secondly, elements of agnosticism can be in the most various philosophical systems. In particular, it is incorrect to to identify any idealism with agnosticism. So, the German philosopher Hegel, being the objective idealist, criticized agnosticism, cognoscibility of the world, developed a dialectic of knowledge, pointing to activity of the subject in this. However he interpreted knowledge as development, a of world spirit, absolute idea.
Evolutionary epistemologiya – the direction in philosophical and gnoseological thought, which main objective – identification of genesis and stages of development of knowledge, its forms and methods in the context of evolution of wildlife. The evolutionary epistemologiya seeks to create the theory of development of science, having been the basis the principle of an, and trying to mediate extremes of rationalism and an irrationalism, empiricism and rationalism, cognitive and social, natural sciences and the social humanities etc. Actually such approach is realized in post-positivistic models of growth and development of scientific knowledge (Popper, Tulmin, Kuhn, etc.).
Aristotle assigned an important part in the course of knowledge to – "the highest childbirth" to which all childbirth of the true and real is reduced. Thus it presented to category not as motionless and as fluid, gave systematic these most essential forms of dialectic thinking, considering as their substantial forms most, lives.
From the gnoseological point of view it is possible to note that the subject of knowledge is the socio-historical being who is realizing the public purposes and carrying out cognitive activity on the basis of historically developing methods of scientific research.
Estimating generally antique (is more exact - ) philosophy and gnoseology, it is necessary to specify that for them were characteristic integrity of a look, on the world, lack of purely analytical, abstract and metaphysical partition of the nature. The last was considered in the universal moments of unity of all its parties, in communication and development of the phenomena. However this developing integrity was result direct a, but not developed theoretical thinking.
The subject of knowledge – is the one who realizes it, i.e. the creative person forming new knowledge. Subjects of knowledge of the set form scientific community. It, in turn, develops historically and will be organized in various social and professional forms (academies, universities, scientific research institute, laboratories, etc.).
Thirdly, survivability of agnosticism is explained by that it could catch some real difficulties and difficult we will bleat process of knowledge which and did not to this day a final decision. It, in particular, a, knowledge borders, impossibility full a of eternally changing life, its subjective in sense organs and thinking of the person - limited by the opportunities, etc. Meanwhile the most resolute denial of agnosticism contains in a sensual of activity of people. If they, learning these or those phenomena, purposely they are reproduced, does not remain to "a transcendental object" places.
The rational maintenance of philosophy of Platon - his stated in a dialogical form, t. with, a as polemic art. He considered that life, in itself contradictions, is uniform and multiple, is eternal and is passing, is invariable and changeable, is based and moves. The contradiction is a necessary condition for awakening of soul to reflection, the most important principle of knowledge. To, according to Platon, any subject, any thing in the world "is the movement", and, learning the World, to us follows on a, but not on a whim and a subjective arbitrariness to represent all phenomena as processes, i.e. in formation and variability.